Bookbinding 

Bookbinding dates back to very old times. Before the invention of paper, the texts written on parchment and papyrus were kept as roll in wooden cases or boxes. In order to keep the texts safe, which were written on wax tablets and papyrus, wooden lids were used and a kind of binding was performed by fastening these lids from both sides with strings. Then, after the parchment was started to be used, the parchment was folded and made into forms, and then stitched and bound. With the invention of paper…

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Seven Wonders of the World

One day a teacher asked his students to write a list of the things which are worth being among the Seven Wonders of the World in their opinion. While taking their papers the teacher realized a girl did not complete her list yet. “Is it this difficult?” the teacher asks. “Yes, a bit. I just cannot decide; there are so many.” the student replies. “Tell us what you have written until now, maybe we can help you complete the list.” says the teacher. After a moment of hesitation, she tells…

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The illness of intellectual arrogance

Intellectual arrogance disease may lead people who are more or less educated to oppose to the great scholars of Islam, and may lead them to refuse their ideas. What common believers need to do toward those great scholars is to approach them with good opinion, trust and submission. In today’s world, where people mount the horse of ego and rush in the valleys of heresy, the illness that many people caught is intellectual arrogance; relying on one’s own ideas about every topic, or looking down on or being closed to…

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Qur’an Copies from Revelation to Ottoman Era

The writing of the Qur’an took its finest form in the 19th and 20th centuries with “Ayat Barkanar” and “Tawafuq” styles. As it’s known, our Holy Qur’an began to be revealed to our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in Laylat al Qadr in 610. Our Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) dictated all the verses that revealed through 23 years to wahy (revelation) scribes. When the Prophet (pbuh) passed away, all the verses of the Holy Qur’an had been written. As it’s known, during Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra)’s khilafah era, a committee of the companions…

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Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia was built in the year 324 in the town center of Istanbul by the order of The Byzantium Emperor Konstantinos I. The building was subject to various attacks and disasters throughout history and it was burned down during a revolution in the year 404. It was built in 415 again but was burned down again in 532 during another insurrection. Between the years 532 – 537, The Byzantium Emperor Justinianus wanted a more sumptuous building to be constructed on the other two Hagia Sophias which were already built…

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Ataşehir Mimar Sinan Mosque

Opened to worship on Friday, June 20th 2012, Mimar Sinan Mosque was built in 22 months at a cost of 40 million TL. The mosque, which is similar to Edirne Selimiye Mosque in terms of external view, was constructed on 6 columns. It has a dome which is 42 meters high, and 4 minarets that are 72 meters high, each having 3 sharafas (balconies). The Mosque has a capacity of 10 thousand people. The 41st verse of ‘Surat Fatir’, 35th chapter of the Qur’an, was written on the main dome…

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The luminous colour of Ramadan: ‘Mahyas’

Mahya is an exciting Ramadan tradition enhancing the atmosphere of the blessed month. Mahya is accepted as the herald of Ramadan in our old culture. As good news of Ramadan, it smiled to Muslims with its sparkling face. The tradition of mahya still continues although there are not many masters of it nowadays. In the era of Ottomans, a special importance was attributed to it and never neglected. The aims of this tradition with written messages are to direct people at kindness, to promote good deeds and to encourage children…

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Ramadan in the Ottoman Empire

The blessed month Ramadan was welcomed at governmental level in the Ottoman Empire. By Muhammed Fatih SEMİZ Ramadan made a different sense to Ottoman Empire and the Ottoman society. The relevant state institutions took measures for the safety of the month of Ramadan, and the preparations of this spiritually fruitful month would begin well in advance. Regiment surra, which departed from Istanbul on the twelfth of the month of Rajab, and which was sent off by the state officials along with a large crowd, became an important ceremony that heralded…

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Human as a Minimized Sample of the Universe

Medicine is the field of applied science related to the art of healing by diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease.  It encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness in human beings.  Medicine is a multidisciplinary science which is composed of miscellaneous studies such as anatomy, physiology, histology, pathology, clinical and surgical studies etc.  Human body and human soul are the main fields the medicine is interested in. When we examine human body we will see a great deal of perfect mechanisms and structures which are well-organised and very regular. Through…

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Islam in Spain: A Fragmented History, a Fragmented Identity

Islam is presented to the Europeans as something alien and threatening, but in fact, they share a history of 1300 years. Spain, in particular, has a special bond with the Muslim world: Al-Andalus (1) was the result of the first contact of Islam with the West. However, since the fallen of Granada a successful propaganda apparatus has been veiling and distorting the historical events creating, thus, a vulnerable and fragmented collective identity unable to incorporate and articulate part of the past of a whole people, and this trauma continues today…

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