Qur’an Copies from Revelation to Ottoman Era

The writing of the Qur’an took its finest form in the 19th and 20th centuries with “Ayat Barkanar” and “Tawafuq” styles. As it’s known, our Holy Qur’an began to be revealed to our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in Laylat al Qadr in 610. Our Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) dictated all the verses that revealed through 23 years to wahy (revelation) scribes. When the Prophet (pbuh) passed away, all the verses of the Holy Qur’an had been written. As it’s known, during Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra)’s khilafah era, a committee of the companions…

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Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia was built in the year 324 in the town center of Istanbul by the order of The Byzantium Emperor Konstantinos I. The building was subject to various attacks and disasters throughout history and it was burned down during a revolution in the year 404. It was built in 415 again but was burned down again in 532 during another insurrection. Between the years 532 – 537, The Byzantium Emperor Justinianus wanted a more sumptuous building to be constructed on the other two Hagia Sophias which were already built…

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Ataşehir Mimar Sinan Mosque

Opened to worship on Friday, June 20th 2012, Mimar Sinan Mosque was built in 22 months at a cost of 40 million TL. The mosque, which is similar to Edirne Selimiye Mosque in terms of external view, was constructed on 6 columns. It has a dome which is 42 meters high, and 4 minarets that are 72 meters high, each having 3 sharafas (balconies). The Mosque has a capacity of 10 thousand people. The 41st verse of ‘Surat Fatir’, 35th chapter of the Qur’an, was written on the main dome…

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The luminous colour of Ramadan: ‘Mahyas’

Mahya is an exciting Ramadan tradition enhancing the atmosphere of the blessed month. Mahya is accepted as the herald of Ramadan in our old culture. As good news of Ramadan, it smiled to Muslims with its sparkling face. The tradition of mahya still continues although there are not many masters of it nowadays. In the era of Ottomans, a special importance was attributed to it and never neglected. The aims of this tradition with written messages are to direct people at kindness, to promote good deeds and to encourage children…

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Ramadan in the Ottoman Empire

The blessed month Ramadan was welcomed at governmental level in the Ottoman Empire. By Muhammed Fatih SEMİZ Ramadan made a different sense to Ottoman Empire and the Ottoman society. The relevant state institutions took measures for the safety of the month of Ramadan, and the preparations of this spiritually fruitful month would begin well in advance. Regiment surra, which departed from Istanbul on the twelfth of the month of Rajab, and which was sent off by the state officials along with a large crowd, became an important ceremony that heralded…

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Islam in Spain: A Fragmented History, a Fragmented Identity

Islam is presented to the Europeans as something alien and threatening, but in fact, they share a history of 1300 years. Spain, in particular, has a special bond with the Muslim world: Al-Andalus (1) was the result of the first contact of Islam with the West. However, since the fallen of Granada a successful propaganda apparatus has been veiling and distorting the historical events creating, thus, a vulnerable and fragmented collective identity unable to incorporate and articulate part of the past of a whole people, and this trauma continues today…

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Nationalism In the light of Risale-i Nur

Nationalism and ethnic conflicts is one of the most grieving agonies that the Islamic world is experiencing. The position of Islam on the issue needs to be highlighted and stressed clearly. “O humankind! Surely We have created you from a single (pair of) male and female, and made you into tribes and families so that you may know one another (and so build mutuality and co-operative relationships, not so that you may take pride in your differences of race or social rank, or breed enmities).” (Hujurat, 49:13) We can explain…

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The Journey to the Kaaba, the centre of the world

By Omer Dabanli The Kaaba with its cubic form is the most sacred place of the Muslims. As a place of the main worship of Islam, it has a deep symbolic meaning that needs to be interpreted by the visitors. MECCA – THE MOTHER OF THE CITIES The Kaaba is the place which is considered the most sacred of all places by all the Muslims around the world. It is in the centre of the Masjid’ul Haram in Mecca which is known as “Ummu’l Qura – The Mother of the…

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Consolidating the Consultation Culture and Civil Societies

Consultation and counsel seem to offer possible solutions for certain monolithic and authoritarian leanings in the Islamic world. The initiatives to organize mechanisms to provide such consultation within ummah should gain momentum. What are consultation (mashwarat) and counsel (shura)? Consultation (mashwarat) means to exchange opinions on particular issues. The gathering that is comprised of the negotiators is called a counsel (shura). To come to the best decision after discussing with others and listening to different opinions is something like ending up with a jar of honey after collecting many different…

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Ramadan and the Social Life

One of the benefits of fasting can be explained as follows: There are people that Allah has created who live in different walks of life. Allah tests some people as rich and prosperous while some others are tested as poor and needy in this world. Because of that He orders the rich to help the poor. However the rich cannot feel and truly understand the deplorable states and difficulties experienced due to food shortages. Yet, if they get hungry through fasting, the rich can feel the worst-cases and bad situations…

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