How does Quran address everybody?
(From “Ask a Question to Us” website)
Each letter and each word of the Qur’anic verses indicate so many meanings and aspects that it is impossible for the human mind to comprehend the whole. And also, all people’s benefitting from a book equally cannot be expected.
So, the Quran uses a facilitated method of statement that everybody from a child to an uneducated elderly can reflect upon, in order to approach the subjects which the addressees can’t fathom directly to their understanding levels.
Allah (SWT) revealed the verses in such expressions that each mind, capability and level gets his share in different aspects. When the Quran is observed, we see that the meanings of the verses satisfy the whole levels of understanding.
• “Such are those that they are on a blessing of guidance from their Master, and they are again those who truly achieve deliverance.” (Surah Baqara, 5)
We see wideness in this verse’s meaning. The ones who are on a blessing of guidance and what kind of deliverance they will achieve aren’t indicated clearly and bounded to a specific condition in the ayah. So, each level of mankind gets their share and deduces various meanings from the verse in different aspects.
First level of believers commonly aims to be saved from the hell fire rather than get into the paradise. They try to take caution against sins and the haram (anything prohibited in Islam). So “achieving deliverance” means being saved from the hell fire in their understanding.
The primarily purpose of
another level of servants is getting into the paradise. So they endeavour to obey the commands of religion. They deduce from the expression “achieve deliverance” that they will meet paradise.
Some servants only wish to gain consent of Allah (SWT). This verse declares the believers who confirm the Qur’anic and Islamic facts properly that “You will achieve the consent of Allah (SWT).”
A group of Muslims aspires to see Allah (SWT) in the Jannah. They derive from the meaning that:”You will achieve seeing Allah (SWT).”
• “He does not beget nor is He begotten! And nothing has become comparable to Him!” (Surah, al Ikhlas 3-4)
The meaning people from any levels derive from this verse is: “Allah is away from having father, offspring, coequal or spouse.
A group of people having a higher level of knowledge also comprehend the meaning as the following: “Created and begotten beings can’t be creators such as Prophet Jesus and the angels.”
Another level deduces that Allah (SWT) is Everlasting and Eternal. He has no co-equal, no comparable and no example in aspects of His Entity, His attributes or His activities. And He, does everything by the command of “فيكون امركن” (He only says: ‘Be’, (and) it easily becomes at once.) through His eternal Will. He is the Almighty; the One who needs no helpers.
• “Muhammad is not the father of any of your men; but he is the Herald of Allah and the last of the prophets. And Allah is Ever All Aware of everything.” (Surah Ahzab, 40)
Prophet Muhammad used to call Zayd, his servant as “my son” through his prophethood mercy. When Zayd divorced his wife Zainab for finding her superior to himself in aspects of virtues; Prophet Muhammad married her by Allah’s command. Enemies of Islam made a fuss on the excuse that Muhammad married his son’s wife. The share of the first level of people from this verse is that; “Prophet Muhammad isn’t father of any men, even Zayd. He is just their Prophet and calls them “son” just because of his mercy.”
Another group of people having higher knowledge derives much meaning from the ayah, besides the aforesaid meaning. They infer from the ayah that Muslims shouldn’t commit sin and make mistakes in aspects of worship and submission basing themselves to the Prophet’s paternal mercy.
Also some scholars deduce from the verse that Prophet Muhammad won’t have any sons at adolescence, so; in regard to a virtue, his generation will go on through his daughter.
Briefly, in so many places, Quran cuts short the word so that everybody gets their share from the meaning. It releases and does not bind to a specific condition so that addresses to everybody. It does not state the meaning clearly so that expresses so many meanings.